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To pursue this activity, an entry permit is required.
Prior to that, also the approval for the operation of the facility and entry in the register must be acquired.
This field includes:
- breeding and farming of sea fish, also aquarium fish,
- production and rearing of fish, shellfish, crustaceans roe and juveniles,
- farming of sea shellfish, lobsters, crustaceans and other marine animals,
- farming of seaweed and other edible sea plants.
This also includes:
- marine aquaculture in seawater reservoirs,
- operation of marine fish farms,
- farming of marine worms,
- breeding and farming of fish in fish farms
The mariculture holder and supplier are responsible for marine aquaculture.
A permit, issued by the Slovenian Environment Agency is required for marine aquaculture (mariculture). All facilities intended for marine aquaculture must be entered in the register of facilities kept by the Animal Identification and Registration Division at the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Veterinary and Plant Protection.
Applies for SKD:
- Marine aquaculture A03.210
Applicants who wish to pursue this activity must register the business activity, and have the appropriate legal status.
Every aquaculture facility and commercial pond must be registered and entered in the central register of aquaculture facilities and commercial ponds (CRA). An aquaculture facility is every water surface where the aquaculture production takes place. A written application must be submitted within 30 days after the population of aquatic organisms to enter in the central aquaculture register of facilities and commercial ponds. An application must contain data on:
the aquaculture facility or commercial pond, holder of the activity, holder of water right, water source, type of the aquaculture production, farmed and accompanying types of aquatic organisms, type and size of the facility, purpose of production, accompanying facilities.
CRA is a computer database on the aquaculture for the purpose of conducting controls of implementation of fishing policy measures managed by the Animal Identification and Registration Division at the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Veterinary and Plant Protection. It contains data on holders of water rights, holders of activities, data on the aquaculture facility or commercial pond and data on the number and production of aquatic organisms. A holder of the aquaculture facility and commercial pond submits a completed form to the competent authority. It issues him a notification on the entry in the CRA as a confirmation. To enter in the CRA, a contractor of activity must appoint a holder of activity and obtain the water right. After entering in the CRA, every holder of activity receives the G-MID identification number of the aquaculture facility or commercial pond which consists of two-letter designation for the Republic of Slovenia, i.e. SI and nine-digit unrepeatable number. A holder of activity is obliged to submit the data on the number of aquatic organisms in his commercial pond to the CRA once a year by 1 March of the current year. He is also obliged to report all changes related to all CRA data. The data may be reported to CRA via the regular mail or in electronic form.
The holder of the activity of farming maritime organisms is obliged to report the CRA once a year:
The data on the number of maritime organisms in his aquaculture facility. Appropriate data must be reported by 1 March of the current year in terms of the date of the record of the number, which is 31 December. The record of the number is carried out by species of aquatic organisms and in terms of the category in number or weight. In the case that the aquaculture facility is empty on the day of the record, but the maritime organisms are still planned to be farmed in it, the average number is reported with a note that the number is zero on 31 December. If the holder of the activity for the specific aquaculture facility fails to report the number or reports the number zero two years in a row, this aquaculture facility is crossed out from CRA. In addition to the data on annual production, also the data on annual production of maritime organisms in the aquaculture facilities must be reported together with the data on the consumption of fodder, fertilisers, disinfectants and on the price per kilogram of individual farmed maritime organisms at the first sale. The data must be reported to the CRA by the 1 March for the previous year.
He is also obliged to report all changes related to all CRA data. The data may be reported to CRA via the regular mail or in electronic form.
Only the technology and breeding method is permitted which fulfils the ethological standards, in particular in terms of the sustainable development and all forms of life. Ethological standards are the standards that include special needs of an individual animal species and provide animal welfare.
Animals bred and maintained at an agricultural holding must be bred so that their biological needs are satisfied, their physical functions and behaviour not disturbed and their adaptation capacity not exceeded. Feeding, care and accommodation are suitable, if they fulfil physiological, ethological and other needs of domestic animals. Animals must be fed according to the methods suitable for an individual animal species, and the appropriate care and accommodation in breeding facilities must be provided. Forced feeding of domestic animals is allowed, if it is needed for their survival or medical reasons.
The fodder basis which includes processed or produced fodder must be maintained and exploited according to the sustainability principle. A holder of animals must provide them with appropriate quality and quantity of suitable fodder and the appropriate method of feeding and watering to preserve health and fulfil ethological needs of feeding. Equipment for watering and feeding must be formed, built and installed so that it prevents water and fodder contamination and that the damages due to jostling of animals for water and fodder are minimal. Animals must have permanent access to an appropriate water source or they must be enabled access to feeding in another manner in time intervals that apply to their physiological needs.
Appropriate agricultural infrastructure is required for the implementation of breeding (fences, accesses to agricultural land and agricultural holdings as the paths and ruts, agricultural facilities in the fields, mountains and similar).
The animal care must provide a proper care in breeding, transport and other procedures most suitable for an individual animal species. Irregularities or deficiencies must be prevented in the method of breeding which negatively affect the welfare and health of domestic animals.
An animal caretaker is obliged to provide special care and appropriate treatment for sick, injured and exhausted domestic animals and if necessary also provide them a separate facility.
In animal breeding and care, the actions or abandoning, which could inflict pain, suffering or injuries, are prohibited.
An animal caretaker is a natural entity who takes care of animals intended for breeding at the agricultural holding.
An animal caretaker must provide a proper care in breeding, transport and other procedures most suitable for an individual animal species.
An animal caretaker is obliged to provide special care and appropriate treatment for sick, injured and exhausted animals and if necessary also provide them a separate facility.
An animal caretaker must have appropriate education or suitable qualification and knowledge on breeding and treatment of domestic animals, health protection of domestic animals, fodder and feeding of domestic animals and animal products and management of livestock tasks.
An agricultural holding may have the following breeding facilities:
stables, sheds, pens, milking parlours; pools for fish breeding and fish ponds at the agricultural holding; manure storage and other facilities for animal excrements; storage facilities for fodder (e.g. hayloft, hayracks, silos, granaries, cellars) and water; other breeding facilities (fenced and non-fenced pastures with controlled pasture, fences, running grounds, outlets, small water containers and other).
To provide the appropriate quality of domestic animals and animal products, the animal breeder must use appropriate equipment for accommodation, feeding, watering, cleaning and care and the equipment for regulation of environmental conditions and transport of animal excrements in breeding individual species of domestic animals according to the zoo-hygienic and ethological standards. The breeding equipment in particular includes:
appropriate stands, boxes, fastenings, cages, stable ground, devices in pools for farming fish and fish ponds which enable domestic animals their characteristic behaviour and welfare; appropriate devices to provide suitable climate and lighting conditions; appropriate devices for the control of domestic animals; appropriate hives and loading hives; appropriate devices to regulation water in fish breeding pools and ponds.
Materials for the construction of objects, accommodation facilities, boxes and equipment for animals must not be harmful to animals. They must be strong and suitable for thorough cleaning and disinfection. Objects and equipment must be arranged so that they do not injure the animals. The spatial situation must be suitable for animal species and level of development, adaptation and domestication, physiological and ethological needs and hygienic conditions. Animals in the facilities must not be in the constant dark or the suitable application of artificial lighting must be provided. The electrical installations must be properly installed so that it does not injure the animals.
Animal excrements are manure, urine and residue from the sedimentation pools for fish and is used as manure and liquefied manure. Animal excrements and compost are used to fertilise agricultural land in a way which provides nutritional substances to plants and maintenance of soil fertility. Animal excrements must be handled as to prevent the danger of the health of people and domestic animals and quality of fodder and animal products. The facilities for animal excrements are:
manure storages, manure tanks and pit for liquid manure, lagoons, sedimentation pools and devices for processing and treatment of animal excrements.
A holder of mariculture is a natural or legal entity who is an owner and permanently or temporarily responsible for animals.
All holders of mariculture must be entered in the register of holders of farm animals and appropriately trained in zoo-technical tasks
A holder of mariculture must also take care for the entry in the central register of aquaculture facilities.
Cross-border/temporary provisions of activity
Cross-border continuous/occasional performance of the activity of farming of marine organisms is not defined.