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Private secondary general education with state-approved programmes

Secondary general education with state-approved programmes may also provided by private general secondary schools, which enable students to continue their education in higher education after passing the final exam.

A general secondary schools have the following tasks:

  • providing knowledge necessary for the continuation of education in higher education on an internationally comparable level;
  • developing independent critical judgment and responsible behaviour;
  • providing knowledge about the Slovenian language and literature, and in the areas defined as nationally mixed, also about the Italian and Hungarian languages and literature, and developing the ability to understand and communicate in standard language;
  • raising awareness about individual integrity;
  • developing awareness about nationality and national identity and knowledge about the history of Slovenia and its culture;
  • educating about general cultural and civilised values which originate from the European tradition;
  • developing a readiness to establish a free democratic and socially just state; raising awareness about responsibility for the natural environment and personal health;
  • developing awareness about the rights and responsibilities of persons and citizens;
  • developing talents and the ability to experience works of art and
  • for artistic self-expression and
  • enabling students to select their future career.

Secondary education is acquire in a secondary school after the final exam is passed.

Secondary schools have four-year education programmes.

Applies for SKD:

  • General secondary education P85.310


  • Applicants who wish to pursue this activity must register the business activity, and have the appropriate legal status.

  • The providers of publicly valid education and training programmes are entered in the register. The register is administered by the ministry competent for education.

    For performing education and training, kindergartens and schools must have professional staff with prescribed education, premises and equipment determined by the minister or the chamber that is authorised by the law.

    Schools and kindergartens can perform the activity of education after being entered in the register managed by the ministry competent for preschool education or education. A kindergarten or school is entered in the register if the conditions determined for premises and equipment are ensured, if they have valid programme and if they attach the statement that the condition referring to ensuring professional staff with required education will be fulfilled until the start of the activity.

    The application for the entry in the register at the ministry competent for preschool education or education is submitted by the management of the kindergarten or school. The application for entry must contain:

    •  name and company name, head office and identification number of the founder or name and surname, birth date, residence and identification number, if the founder is a natural entity;
    • name and head office of the kindergarten or school;
    • number and date of the act of incorporation;
    • the name of the programme implemented by the kindergarten or school;
    • public validity of the programme;
    • statement of the managerial authority on ensuring the fulfilment of spatial, staff and equipment conditions of the statement by the management that the condition referring to ensuring professional staff with required education will be fulfilled until the start of the activity.


    The management of the kindergarten or school is responsible for the truthfulness of data and statements under criminal and damage liability. If there is doubt on ensuring the conditions, the ministry can request the submission of additional evidence on ensuring the conditions for the implementation of activities in the first year after the registration prior to making the entry in the register.

    If special knowledge is required for establishing or assessing a fact and the official person doesn’t have such knowledge, the minister appoints an expert or commission that establishes whether the provider fulfils the prescribed conditions for performing the education activities.

    If the provider fulfils the conditions for entry in the register, the minister issues a decision on the entry into the register.

    Data changes must also be entered in the register. The provider must send any modification of data entered in the register within 30 days upon their occurrence.

    The kindergarten or school is deleted from the register:

    •  if the publicly valid programme is terminated;
    • if a final judgement was issued to prohibit the implementation of the publicly valid programme;
    • upon the inspections' proposal, if the school or kindergarten does not act in accordance with the final inspection decision that refers to the provision of conditions necessary for entry in the register;
    • if it ceases to exist.


  • The name of kindergartens and schools, except kindergartens and schools whose founder is a self-governing ethnic community, must be Slovenian.

    Foreign personal names that are part of the name of a kindergarten or school are written in accordance with Slovenian spelling, or with Italian or Hungarian spelling if it involves the name of a kindergarten and school whose founder is a self-governing ethnic community.

    In addition to the aforementioned information, the name of a private kindergarten or school must also include a mark that the kindergarten or school is private.

    Legal basis

  • The language of instruction in grammar schools is Slovenian. The language of instruction in grammar schools in the language of an ethnic community is Italian, and in bilingual grammar schools Slovenian and Hungarian.

    In areas where Slovenians and members of the Italian ethnic community live, and which are defined as ethnically mixed areas, students in grammar schools with Slovenian language of instruction learn Italian, and students in grammar schools with Italian language of instruction learn Slovenian.

    In agreement with the minister responsible for education, part of the educational programme which includes an acknowledged foreign expert or a visiting lecturer, or foreign exchange is carried out in a foreign language. If a visiting lecturer provides education independently, it must not exceed one third of the lessons anticipated for the subject.

    In this case, the school must ensure that students also know Slovenian expert terminology well. Slovenian as the language of instruction must be used for assessment. The programme of preparation for school-leaving exam may be carried out in a foreign language.

    Educational programmes of international grammar schools may be carried out in a foreign language.

    Schools must provide the option to select Slovenian as a subject.

    Legal basis

  • Schools and kindergartens must have a seal.

    The content and shape of seals of private kindergartens and schools are determined in their Articles of Association.

    Legal basis

  • Private schools use textbooks approved by the competent expert council for compulsory subjects determined by law.

    Legal basis

  • Schools include libraries. Libraries collect library material, but also carry out professional processing, representation and lending, and IT and documentary work as elements of educational work in schools.

    Textbook funds may be established within libraries. Funds for pupils, apprentices and students who cannot pay the contribution for lending textbooks from textbook funds due to their social position are provided by the State.

    Legal basis

  • Private schools which carry out state-approved programmes of elementary education, elementary music education, secondary vocational and professional education, and grammar schools are entitled to funds from the national budget or a local community budget if they meet the following conditions:

    • that music schools with music educational programme carry out lessons in at least three instruments played in the orchestra and has at least 35 students;
    • that they have employees or teachers provided in another manner required for the implementation of state-approved programmes in accordance with the law and other regulations.

    For the implementation of their programme, private schools are granted 85 per cent of funds allocated for the implementation of the programme in public schools by the State or a local community. Private schools are not entitled to funds for investments, investment maintenance and equipment.

    Private schools may participate in competitions for teaching equipment and aids intended for public schools.

    Legal basis

  • Education in grammar schools is carried out according to annual work plans which contain especially:

    • volume and organisation of lessons and other forms of education according to curricula;
    • distribution of students by and classes and groups;
    • deadlines for exams;
    • professional training for expert workers;
    • cooperation with other schools, halls of residence, and research, sports in cultural organisations;
    • and other tasks.

    When adopting annual work plans, their financial feasibility is specially assessed.

    In annual work plans, schools may anticipate organised education that is not part of the curriculum for students who desire such education and in agreement with their parents.

    Schools must present rights and obligations of students, the characteristics of the educational programme and the work organisation of schools to students and parents.

    Schools keep school chronicles.

    Schools adapt the implementation and duration of educational programmes especially to talented students and students with special needs. In accordance with norms and standards, schools provide additional assistance for these students, organise classes with less students, and facilitates the use of required special equipment and study material.

    Legal basis

  • Grammar schools keep the following records with personal information of students:

    •  a record of applicants for enrolment;
    • a record of enrolled students and a record of enrolled students by years, classes and groups in grade books;
    • personal sheet kept for each enrolled student from the enrolment to the conclusion of education;
    • a register that includes general information about enrolled students, the course of their education from the enrolment to the conclusion of education;
    • a record of information about the motor skills and morphological characteristics of enrolled students;
    • minutes of school-leaving exam examination board sessions;
    • minutes of school-leaving exam;
    • minutes of exams which comprise the application for the exam, the course of the exam and the mark achieved;
    • a record of students dealt with by counselling services;
    • a record of adults receiving education and a record of adults sitting exams;
    • a record of the testing and assessment of knowledge;
    • a record of issued documents on concluded education.

    Legal basis

  • Personal information of students in records kept by grammar schools is collected, processed, stored and used for the needs of grammar schools, the ministry responsible for education, whereas in other cases, the information is collected, processed, stored and used in accordance with special regulations.

    When carrying out statistical and other analyses, personal information may be used and published in a manner that does not disclose the identity of students.

    Legal basis

Cross-border/temporary provisions of activity

Last modified:
8. 9. 2021