Market preparation and marketing of seed units of agricultural plants
The preparation of seed units of agricultural plants includes procedures for preparing the launch of seed units of agricultural plants in the market, i.e.: drying, cleaning, sorting, treatment with plant protection products or chemicals, packing and labelling.
Marketing of seed units of agricultural plants is the sale, supply or delivery of seed units to a third person subject to payment or free of charge, offering seed units for sale, storing seed units or every disposal with seed units for the marketing purposes.
Only suppliers entered in the register of suppliers may carry out the market preparation and marketing.
The seed units entered in the national variety list or common catalogue of varieties of the European Union may be marketed.
Seed units must be in homogeneous lots in the market. They must be packed and labelled in a prescribed way and thus provide the originality of package according to a permit to issue labels and certificates of suppliers.
Suppliers awarded with a permit to issue labels and certificates of suppliers are under official supervision.
In prescribed species of agricultural plants, the seed units may be marketed only with an official certificate.
If seed units of agricultural plants are treated with plant protection products, the proper application of plant protection products should be observed and, if necessary, acquire a permit in emergencies or a parallel trade permit.
Applies for SKD:
- Post-harvest crop activities A01.630
- Seed processing for propagation A01.640
- Wholesale of grain, unmanufactured tobacco, seeds and animal feeds G46.210
- Wholesale of flowers and plants G46.220
Persons liable to enter in the register of suppliers of seed units of agricultural plants (SEME register) are natural or legal entities who pursue the activity of production, market preparation, marketing or import of the seed units of agricultural plants in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
The entry in the SEME register is not mandatory for suppliers who exclusively pursue the distribution and sale of seed units of agricultural plants in the original packaging.
To enter in the register, a supplier must provide a person who fulfils prescribed conditions in terms of professional qualification and who will be responsible for the fulfilment of prescribed liabilities of the supplier (responsible expert person). If a supplier is a natural entity, he himself may also be a responsible expert person.
A supplier pursuing the activity of producing seed units of agricultural plants must be as an agricultural holding entered in the register of agricultural holdings.
An application must be lodged with the competent authority to enter in the SEME register. The application must include the identification data on the supplier, activity of the supplier and identification data on the responsible expert person. If a supplier pursues the activity at different locations of productions, the above-stated data for each individual location of production must be included in the application.
A supplier must provide that the agricultural plant seed fulfils the prescribed conditions in the market. A supplier must, in particular:
implement the inspections to monitor and control crucial points of production of seed units of agricultural plants that could have an impact on its quality (in particular on variety or species presence and purity and health status); implement measures necessary to prevent the expansion of pests; take samples and send them for a laboratory analysis; provide traceability and recognition of every group of seed units of agricultural plants; keep records and evidence on the origin and quality of the seed units of agricultural plants; keep records and evidence on the purchase and sale or supply of seed units of agricultural plants; provide the implementation of supervision; implement prescribed measures, ordered according to official or inspection supervision.
A supplier must keep all certificates and records from the previous paragraph for at least a year, and for fruit plants, vine, hops and multi-annual ornamental plants for at least three years.
Records and other documentation on the inspections, conducted measures and traceability which is appropriately kept.
Decision on the entry of a variety in the national variety list, inclusion of a variety in the common catalogue of varieties of the European Union
The national variety list is an official list of varieties of agricultural plants.
The seed units of the varieties of agricultural plants entered in the national variety list of one of the European Union Member States or the common catalogue of varieties of the European Union, kept by the European Commission (the entry is not mandatory for ornamental plants) may be produced (with the marketing purpose) and marketed in the Republic of Slovenia.
The procedure of entering a variety in the national variety list is initiated on the basis of a written application with the competent authority.
An application for the entry in the national variety list may be lodged by an applicant who is a variety breeder or maintainer, or other natural or legal entity who has the right to dispose the variety's seed units.
The prescribed deadlines must be taken into account when entering the application of the variety in the procedure of entering in the national variety list.
The variety must be distinct, uniform and stable and also have an appropriate name to be entered in the national variety list. For this purpose, the variety must be included in appropriate variety field tests for the verification of distinctness, uniformity and stability (RIN), while in varieties of field crops, vines and hops the variety test also verify their value for the production and use (VPU).
If a variety fulfils all conditions for the entry in the national variety list and the applicant also settles fee costs, the Administration issues the decision on the entry of the variety in the national variety list.
The maintainer of the sort must pay the annual fee for the variety entered in the national variety list as per the Decree on the annual fee for varieties entered in the Agricultural Plant Variety List and on fees and costs for plant variety protection.
At the request of the Administration, the maintainer of the variety is obliged to provide a free-of-charge sample of the seed units of the variety to verify the proper maintenance of the variety.
Due to the preservation of biotic variety or sustainable use of genetic resources, also a variety may be entered in the national variety list which does not fulfil all conditions for the entry in the national variety list, if it refers to the preservation of a variety of field crops and vegetables, variety of vegetable which has no important value for market production of vegetable or old variety of fruit plants.
The varieties entered in the national variety list are included in the common catalogue of varieties of the European Union by the European Commission.
Permit to issue labels and confirmations of the supplier to market the seed units of agricultural plants
The permit must be acquired by suppliers who intend to place on the market:
- reproduction material or saplings of fruit plants of the CAC category;
- reproduction material of the vine of the standard category;
- reproduction material and planting material of vegetables;
- reproduction material of ornamental plants.
In the market, the reproduction material must be designated with the prescribed labels or the confirmation of the supplier.
A supplier must be entered in the SEME register at least for the preparation for the market and marketing of the species or a group of agricultural plants, for which he intends to issue labels of the confirmations of the supplier.
A supplier must acquire the permit for each new species or group of agricultural plants, the seed unit of which he intends to produce and market.
The suppliers which are small producers do not have to acquire the permit. These are the suppliers, the whole production of seed units of which is intended for self-sufficiency or for sale in the local market to natural entities who are the end users of these seed units and who do not professionally deal with the production of agricultural plants (they are not producers of fruit, grape, vegetables, ornamental plants).
Once a year, the competent inspector conducts a supervision with the supplier of the seed units of agricultural plants, who possesses the permit to issue labels and confirmations.
A supplier who intends to market the seed units of a specific agricultural plant species as officially confirmed must lodge an application for the official confirmation of the seed units with the certifying authority.
In the procedure of the official confirmation, the certifying authority establishes if the seed units fulfil the prescribed requirements.
The official confirmation is mandatory for the production of the seeds of cereals, fodder plants, beetroot, oil and fibre plants, seed potato, reproduction material and saplings of fruit plants and vine, but not mandatory for the production of vegetable seeds, reproduction material and saplings of vine plants.
For confirmation, the authority implements the procedure of official confirmation of seed units, if a variety stated in the application:
- in field crops, vegetables, vine and hops: is entered in a variety list or the common catalogue of field crop varieties;
- in other agricultural plant species: entered in a variety list or protected as per the regulations governing the protection of new plant varieties, or generally known.
The procedure of the official confirmation of seed units of agricultural plants consists of:
- official examinations of seed crops or plantations, land and facilities for production, storage and preparation of seed units of agricultural plants for the market;
- official examinations of evidence and documents which should be kept by the supplier of seed unit;
- official samplings and sample testing.
A supplier must cover the costs of the official confirmation as per the price list of the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia.
If during the official procedure the certification authority establishes that the seed units fulfil the prescribed requirements, it issues the prescribed official labels for respective category, appropriately implements the packaging and issues a certificate on the official confirmation of the seed units of agricultural plants.
The deadlines, method of lodging an application, evidence, which should be attached to the application for the acquisition of the confirmation of seed units for the seeds of cereals, vegetables, oil and fibre plants, fodder plants and beetroot, seed potato, fruit plants, ornamental plants, vine and hops are defined in the rules in detail.
PPP must be properly used. The proper use includes in particular: use of PPP according to the label and instructions for use, management with PPP, which in addition to treatment includes also the preparation of spraying broth before the treatment, handling with the residue of spraying broth in reservoirs of devices after the treatment and cleaning of devices, used after the treatment in the way which does not endanger health of people and environment, storage of PPP in the way as to prevent the hazards to the health of people and environment, observance of special measures for protection of bees, prevention of PPP application, time restriction of the access of people to the recently treated surfaces, observance of the goods practice of plant protection and good agricultural practice in using the seeds treated with PPP.
In using PPP the user must also observe the provisions of regulations governing the water protection, environment protection, safety and health at work, waste and public order and peace and special measures of the act regulating the transport and application of PPP.
Special measures include the prohibition of the treatment from the air, protective measures of water environment and drinking water, reduction of the use or risks due to use of PPP in special areas, reduction of use or risks due to use of PPP in public areas and integrated protection of plants against pests. A PPP user must immediately notify the competent authority or phytosanitary inspector on the unwanted effects of PPP detected in the use of PPP (e.g. regarding the potentially dangerous or unwanted effect of PPP or PPP residue on the health of people, animals, environment, treated plants or plants in crop rotation.
Permit for the trade in PPP in emergencies is issued only in specific circumstances for the maximum period of 120 days for a restricted and controlled use. Special circumstances occur when a measure is required due to threat which cannot be managed with other suitable measures.
The competent authority decides on the permit in emergencies.
A parallel trade permit is issued for a plant protection product which is already registered in one Member State (Member State of origin) and is identical to the reference product already registered in the Republic of Slovenia.
The competent authority decides on the parallel trade permit.
The same conditions of use, permit validity and potential restrictions apply for the trade and use of PPP, for which the parallel trade permit was issued, as stated in the registration of the reference product.
An applicant lodges an application with the competent authority on a form with mandatory attachments.