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A maritime pilot is an individual who gives expert advice to the ship captain regarding manoeuvring the ship in order to ensure safe navigation and is professionally trained for this. For maritime piloting in a specified area pilots must posses a pilot’s licence. Before the start of piloting, a maritime pilot must exchange information with the ship captain regarding navigation procedures, local characteristics of the area of piloting and characteristics of the ship which is being piloted.

A pilot must inform the Slovenian Maritime Administration and the port manager about the start and end of piloting.



  • A sea pilot must pass the ship pilot exam for pilotage of a certain area, and acquires the pilot card based on which the Slovenian Maritime Administration enters the pilot in the register of pilots.

    The person who wants to pass the exam must hold the title deck officer on a ship with gross tonnage 3000 or higher and practical experience, they must be healthy and pass the safety at work exam.

    The professional exam for sea pilot is composed of the oral and practical part and is passed at the Slovenian Maritime Administration and on the ship.

    The candidate must submit a written application to pass the professional exam at the Slovenian Maritime Administration.

    The professional exam is taken in front of an exam commission. An applicant initially takes the oral exam. After passed oral exam the candidate takes the practical part on the same area where the ships will be piloted within one month at the latest. The candidate who passes the professional exam, receives a pilot card from the Slovenian Maritime Administration, and the pilot must have this card whenever piloting ships. The pilot card is valid for two years.

    A pilot who acquired the pilot card and wants to navigate ships outside the Koper cargo port must take a practical ship piloting test for that area.

    The candidate has the right to a complaint if they disagree with the evaluation. 


  • A maritime pilot must keep a logbook on pilotage with regard to piloting area that contains at least the following data:

    • date, hour of start and end of pilotage,
    • weather conditions (visibility, wind, precipitation),
    • description of the vessel (name, type, tonnage, length, flag, number of propellers),
    • the number of tugs used,
    • special features or other circumstances affecting the safety of navigation.


    Pilotage logbook

    Legal basis

Recognition of qualifications acquired abroad

There are following systems for the recognition of professional qualifications acquired in the EU:

Cross-border provisions of profession

Performance of the profession in Slovenia is possible on cross-border/temporary basis. You may start performing it after acquisition of a specific permit from Competent authority.
Last modified:
8. 9. 2021